皮尤调查:金融危机后美国政府帮扶银行和富人惹民众不满

独家网   2013-09-23 17:12  
【原文题目】Majority of Americans say banks, large corporations benefitted most from U.S. economic policies
【中文题目】绝大多数美国人认为银行和大公司是美国经济政策的主要受益者
【原文作者】布鲁斯·德雷克
【发表日期】2013年9月20日 皮尤调查中心网站
【声    明】译文为独家网原创,转载务必注明出处。
【摘    要】69%的美国人认为大银行和金融机构、大公司、富人是2008年经济衰退后政府经济政策的主要受益者,十分之七的人认为政府的政策对穷人、中产阶级、小公司毫无益处,52%的美国人认为用“不良资产救助计划”救助银行是错误的。
【译    文】

       将近十分之七(69%)的美国人认为,大银行和金融机构是美国后衰退时期政府政策的主要受益者。



       公众终于看清楚了,自2008年经济衰退开始以来美国政府经济政策的赢家和输家是谁。

       根据本月初的一项调查,在公众眼中,这些政策的受益者是大型银行和金融机构、大公司、富人。绝大多数人认为,政府政策至少给予了以上三者相当的支持——69%的受访者投给大型银行和金融机构,67%投给大公司,59%投给富人。



       同时,少于三分之一的人认为,经济衰退后政府推行的政策帮助了穷人、中产阶级和小公司。大约有十分之七的人认为政府的政策对穷人(72%)、中产阶级(71%)、小公司(67%)毫无益处。

       这份调查的结果与2010年7月一份包含相同问题的调查结果相比,几乎毫无变化。

       2008年的那场金融崩溃对许多民众造成了威胁,因此公众对政府在经济衰退期间仍帮助这些银行和金融机构感到不满。2012年2月的一份调查显示,52%的美国人认为用“不良资产救助计划”(Troubled Asset Relief Program)救助那些银行是错误的;而39%受访者支持政府这么做。这与2008年的调查相比发生了很大转变,2008年调查显示,08年金融危机发生后有57%的受访者同意政府实行“不良资产救助计划”。

【原    文】

69% Nearly seven-in-ten Americans say large banks and financial institutions have benefited the most from post-recession government policies.

The public sees clear winners and losers as a result of the government’s economic policies following the recession that began in 2008.

In the public’s view, the beneficiaries of these policies are large banks and financial institutions, large corporations and wealthy people, according to a survey conducted earlier this month. Sizable majorities say government policies have helped all three at least a fair amount – 69% say that about large banks and financial institutions, 67% large corporations and 59% wealthy people.



Meanwhile, fewer than a third say policies implemented by the government following the recession have helped the poor, middle class and small businesses. Roughly seven-in-ten say government policies have done little or nothing to help the poor (72%), the middle class (71%) and small businesses (67%).

There has been little change in these perceptions since the question was last asked in July 2010.

The public had a dim view of assistance that the government gave to banks and financial institutions during the recession, after the 2008 fiscal meltdown threatened many of them. A Feb. 2012 survey found that 52% of Americans thought bailing out the banks through the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) was the wrong thing to do, while 39% supported the action.  That was a big turnaround from 2008 when the crisis hit in 2008 and 57% had said TARP was the right thing to do.
责任编辑:geordy110

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